period: July 10, 1943 - May 2, 1945
Involved: Major Maurice Rose as Chief of Staff of 2nd Armored Division took part in the invasion of Sicily and then Italy with the aim of controlling the Mediterranean. The fighting continued there till November 1943, when 2 Armored Division moved to England to prepare for the invasion of Normandy..
In early 1943 it became clear that the Allies would win the war in North Africa, so he Allied commanders turned their attention to new targets. The Americans wanted to invade northern France, but in 1943 they were not fully prepared. The British wanted to invade Italy in order to have Allied control of the Mediterranean. In addition the defeat of Mussolini's Italy would be a huge propaganda boost.
On May 13 the German and Italian armies in North Africa capitulated and on July 10, 1943, the Americans and British invaded Sicily. The attack was successful and on 17 August Sicily was entirely in the hands of the Allies. Immediately, preparations were made for the invasion of Italy, which took place on September 3rd. The Italian government, weary of war, surrendered five days later. The Germans were prepared for this and moved inland from northern Italy.
The Allied advance was halted at the end of 1943 by the Gustav-line, constructed by the Germans, south of Rome. The Allies were not able to break through the German defense of the famous hill Monte Cassino.
From 6 June 1944 - D-Day – the Allies were less concerned with the further advance through Italy. Nevertheless, fighting continued and the Italian campaign ended on May 2, 1945, when the Germans withdrew just before the end of the war.
British troops are welcomed in the Sicilian village of Militello on July 15, 1943
Source: Public domain
Monastery of Monte Cassino in ruins after being bombed on February 15, 1944 by Allied troops.
Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-2005-0004 / Wittke / CC-BY-SA
The invasion of Sicily
The Sicilian Campaign
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